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Junior high school ancient poetry appreciation skills

2018-02-18 19:12:00

one Ancient poem appreciation answer mode: This poem adopts (expression, rhetoric, expression) techniques, writes the (image) of (x) characteristics, shows (highlights) (x) thoughts, feelings, played a (x) role. [Note: The answer must be targeted and directional. What to ask, what to answer, what to ask, what to give. The answer must be combined with the original poem content and words, and cannot explain the concept empty.] two (1) Character image: including the character in the poem, the image of the self-lyrical hero. Appreciation skills: The main analysis of character, quality, mentality, emotion, thought, must be combined with poetry to talk. (2) Object image: objectively existing things, scenery and even living people, once trapped in the pen of people, it becomes a concrete and perceptible artistic image. Appreciation skills: analyze the characteristics of the scenery, and the scenery suggests the heart and thoughts of the characters. Borrow things to express one's feelings and express one's aspirations. Three. 1, expression techniques: using the scene lyric, emotion in the scene, voicing, symbol, foil, contrast, imagination, association, contrast, foil, support, beautiful scenery against sadness, rendering, the combination of virtual and real. 2, lyric techniques: directly express feelings, indirect lyric, borrow the scene lyric, apartment emotion in the scene. 3, description method: 1) positive description, side description. 2) Virtual writing, real writing. 3) Dynamic description, static description. (combination of static and dynamic, with static contrast movement) 4) scenery (environment) description: rendering atmosphere, setting off the mood of characters, laying the groundwork for lyric, laying the emotional tone, the scene of the scene integration, the beauty of the sorrow 4, rhetoric: exaggeration, metaphor, comparison (personification, imitation), parallelism, duality four. Poetry category: Romanticism: imagination, exaggeration, language, generally express the pursuit of ideals or dissatisfaction with reality and escape. Realism: realism, direct reflection of reality, "Critique, dissatisfaction, disclosure" Frontier Fortress poetry: Kill the enemy and serve the country, make contributions, language heroic and magnificent. Idyllic poetry: showing the ease and leisure of pastoral life. Farewell poem: The expression of the feeling of parting with friends, or to friends, to their own exhortation. Ancient poetry: using the past to satirize the present. Chanting poetry: to say things, borrow things lyric. Prison poem: homesickness. Five. Language style (1), plain and simple, it is characterized by the choice of exact words directly stated, or with a white description, without modification, appears real and profound, approachable. Which Jia Island "visit recluse did not meet" : "Matsushita asked the boy, the teacher to pick medicine. Only in this mountain, the clouds are deep." The whole article is 4 sentences and 20 words, and there is nothing difficult to understand. (2), implicit meaningful poetry is the most rich in Lingzi, poem Lingzi lies in meaningful, in the "word short love long", between the lines always keep people association, open people's understanding of the "blank". Such as Li Shangyin's "Rainy night sent North" : "you ask the return period is not fixed, Bashan night rain rises autumn pool." Why should we cut the west window together, but the words of the mountain at night when the rain." Far away between the husband and wife care about greetings, at the time of its circumstances, home reunion for a long night of longing, all show in the words, hidden in the blank. (3) Elegant, such as Yang Wanli's "Small lotus only exposed sharp corners, there is a sunny dragon on top" (" Small pool "). The language is novel and unique, not conventional, and gives people a kind of beautiful pleasure. The language of poetry is often deeply touched by its vivid images. For example, Su Shi's "Rubble through the empty, the waves on the shore, rolling up a thousand piles of snow" (" Red Cliff Nostalgia ") is both a poem and a painting, showing the magnificent scenery of the Red Cliff, imposing momentum and opening the realm. (5), gorgeous and elegant such as "incense burner produced purple smoke, remote see waterfall hanging before the river." Flying down three thousand feet, it is suspected that the Milky Way fell nine days." Most of Li Bai's poems are colorful, beautiful and unpredictable, which is a gorgeous beauty. (6) Other rough and bold, lingering, implicit, pathos, the use of allusions. Ideological content (should be combined with the poem to be appreciated) worry about the country and the people, nostalgia, contempt for the powerful, cynical, talented, love landscape, retreat to the countryside, visit, cherish the spring and autumn, friends nostalgia, homesickness, mutual acacia, don't hate leaving sorrow, kill the enemy to serve the country, build a career, lonely melancholy, lonely sadness, leisure pleasure, anger, adhere to integrity, performance philosophy Inspire and inspire friends. Seven. Appreciation of poetic emotion [poetry is a lyrical language art, and the key to accurately appreciate poetry is to grasp the feelings expressed in poetry] The feelings expressed in poetry can be roughly divided into the following eight categories: 1. The feeling of parting is like Li Bai's "Peach Blossom Pool is a thousand feet deep, not as deep as Wang Lun sent me." (" For Wang Lun "). 2, such as Jiang Kui's "read the bridge side of the red medicine, know who is born every year" (" slow "), expressing the infinite regret and grief of things are not people. 3, homesickness such as Wang Wei's "alone in a foreign land for a stranger, every festival times miss relatives" (" September 9 memory brothers "). 4, nostalgia such as Du Mu's "not with Zhou Lang, copper finch spring deep lock two Qiao" (" Red Cliff "). 5, allegorical feelings such as "the Book of Songs" in the "master mouse, no food I millet"; Bai Juyi's "bottle 罍 overflowing nine wynns, water and land Luo eight treasures...... Is early, man cannibalism "(" Light Fat"). 6, the feeling of serving the country such as Wang Changling's "but make flying will be in, not called Huma du Yin mountain" (" Out "); Lu You's "a real name of the world" (" Book anger "). 7, Yongjing love such as He Zhizhang "I do not know who cut out the fine leaves, spring breeze in February like scissors"; 谢朓 "Fish play new load move, birds scattered more than flowers fall." Not fragrant wine, also hope Guo "(" You Dongtian"). 8, love friends such as Wang Changling's "friends and relatives such as phase ask, a piece of ice in the jade pot" (" floor to send Xin gradually "). Eight. "Condensed word" question question method: What is the most vivid word in this poem? Why? Question variation: A word has always been praised, what do you think is good about it? Solution ideas: (1) Grasp the verbs, adjectives, active words and other analysis in the poem, understand the meaning of the word in the sentence (the word does not leave the sentence) (2) Expand the association to put the word into the original sentence to describe the scene. (3) Point out what kind of artistic conception the word expresses, or what kind of feelings it expresses. Answer format: (words and sentences) meaning + (rhetoric, performance, etc.) technique + expression function (effect) + expressing emotion (revealing truth) Example 1: "Sea day born residual night, Jiang spring into the old year" is a famous sentence in the "Second Beigu Mountain", please talk about your appreciation. A: Choose "day", "spring" as a symbol of the new beautiful things, "Sheng", "into" with personification (rhetoric) to write the scenery on the river as a person, so that the scenery description is vivid, specific and can be felt, but also show the vitality of natural taste (expression function), the two sentences together, vividly write the night sunset, winter to spring natural change philosophy (express emotions). Example 2: Appreciation of "Lake Spring Trip" "a few early warblers contend for warm trees, whose new yan pecks spring mud" two lines of poetry. Answer: The poem in the "contend" character with personification, the "early nightingale" as a person to write, vivid image, specific can feel, write the early spring vibrant scene, expressed the joy of the poet. Nine. "Analyzing artistic conception" question Question Method: What kind of artistic conception does this poem create? Variation: What is the picture of the poem? What kind of thoughts and feelings does the poet express? The idea of solving the problem: ① Grasp the characteristics of the main scenery in the poem, and describe the picture in the poem with their own language. ② Summarize the characteristics of the atmosphere created by the scenery. Use one or two words, such as: lonely and quiet, quiet and beautiful, majestic, bleak and desolate. ③ Analyze the author's thoughts and feelings. E.g. "Smoke-cage cold water moon cage sand" describes the hazy night scene on the Qinhuai River. Please paint the picture in your own words. A: The light mist, the light moonlight, over the cold hazy river, over the silent beach on both sides. The night by the water's edge is a dark and quiet in the moonlight...) 10. "Analytical Skills" question Answer skills Question Method: What kind of expression method is used in this poem? Variation: Analyze the technique (or artistry, or technique) of the poem. How do poets express their feelings? With what effect? (1) Analyze what kind of picture the poet describes. (2) How the poem expresses the writer's feelings. (3) What is the relationship between the content written and the expression of poetic emotion? ● Practice reading a poem by Wang Mian in the Yuan Dynasty, answer questions, ice forest with this body, different peaches and plums mixed aromatic dust. Suddenly a night breeze, scattered for Qiankun Wanli spring. 1. What is the main image created by the author in this poem? What features stand out? 2. What writing techniques does the author mainly use? What thoughts and feelings are expressed?