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How to avoid an earthquake

2018-05-14 06:24:25

The earthquake is sudden, destructive and unpredictable, and the damage caused by the earthquake is also very large, and effective shock avoidance can reduce losses and win the chance of survival for yourself.

First, the earthquake in place to avoid, after the earthquake quickly evacuate
1

During an earthquake, if you are on the first floor of a building, and the outside is relatively open, you can strive to quickly run outside.

2

If the second floor and above the floor, and the indoor shockproof conditions and building quality are good, first choose indoor hedging, priority to choose bathrooms, storage rooms, bathrooms and other small, load-bearing walls. At the same time, lower your body's center of gravity, lower your head, protect your head and neck with clothes or pillows, or grasp a firm object around you to prevent falling or body displacement.

3

Stay away from stairs, balconies and elevators during an earthquake.

4

This information comes from experience

Second, avoid common secondary disasters
1

Stay away from the mountain, if there is a mountain collapse or landslide, immediately run to both sides perpendicular to the slope or the direction of the rolling stone, do not run down the mountain along the direction of the rolling stone. If it is too late, hide under solid obstacles or squat in the gutter, steep escape, protect the head.

2

In case of debris flow, immediately leave the ditch, river valley, to both sides of the hillside escape, do not go up the tree to avoid.

3

After a destructive earthquake, move to a designated safe area in time.

Third, self-rescue and mutual rescue
1

Part of the limbs are buried under pressure, but the hands can be moved. First, remove the debris in the head and chest with the hands, and take out a certain space in the head and chest with the hands to ensure smooth breathing. Then, as far as possible, use the available masonry, wooden sticks or other hard objects around to establish a support body to stabilize the living space and prevent further collapses when aftershocks occur. If the dust is too heavy or smells of gas, try to cover your mouth and nose with wet clothes to prevent suffocation or poisoning.

2

If there is living space in the ruins, the body can move to the place where there is light or water and food, and if injured, the cloth on the clothing should be bandaged in time to prevent excessive blood loss.

3

The principle of mutual rescue follows is easy before difficult, near before far, large before small.

4

First clean up the head trauma during the rescue, pay attention to the use of shovel, pick and other tools do not hurt the trapped people. People with spinal injuries should not be pulled when moving, and must be fixed with a door or hardboard before being lifted out of the ruins.

Matters needing attention

Pay attention to save physical strength, stay awake, do not blindly call for help, to use bricks, iron and other things to knock on the road or wall, make sound.

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